Here we collect projects, concepts, ideas and readings to come up with what we provisionally call *macropatterns of commoning*. Some might think of them as patterns needed to "scale" the commons. That's not exactly what we have in mind, but it's pretty close.

We believe that commoning is not a matter of scale. It's a life form, an attitude, and an ethics that informs and nurtures the way we relate to each other. It's about the way we produce and reproduce our livelihoods, and the way we design infrastructures, institutions and governance structures--at any level.

The problem is that people usually don't know how to think about commoning at different levels of complexity. But governing a local commons requires different patterns than, say, governing a bioregion -- just as the patterns for building a house are different from those for building a city. At whatever level, the architecture of the respective governance system needs to address essential patterns of commoning, so that no collective concern remains unseen. The scale of an entire socio-ecological system may pose new challenges and demand new responses than commoning at a smaller scale, but appropriate macro-patterns also provide new affordances for coordination, communication and action.

Between 2017 and 2020, we carefully mined patterns of commoning that are appropriate to enact local and federated commons. These patterns work within and among commons. Now, with this wiki, we want to take our analysis a step further.

What we preliminarily call "macropatterns of commoning" are archetypal structures and basic design elements for commoning in larger geographic spaces and among diverse different commons and societal players. What are generally needed are infrastructures, laws, policies that can facilitate commoning in larger, more complex circumstances. In other words, we seek to identify how commoning can more easily "scale" beyond the horizontal strategy of "Emulate and Federate." Bollier/Helfrich

If governance processes and architectures can take into account collective concerns by design at any level (at least potentially), then our starting point is to recognize that we can't start this process at a disaggregated level. The larger architectures, dynamics and processes must be understood on their own terms. It's time for a closer look at *macropatterns* based on a commoning embody living practices, attitudes and ethics at larger scales.

**For the sake of clarity**: Our focus is not on "scaling from below." Using the practice of [Emulate & Federate] is an important way to spread and apply the patterns of commoning. It enacts what we call intercommoning. Nonetheless, we regard this as a developmental way-station toward identifying recurrent "wicked problems" in larger, more complex, transpersonal settings -- and the commons-based governance architectures, physical infrastructures, and socio-economic systems that address them. generative solutions These macropatterns will help people understand that commoning has no limits. Unless we set or acquiesce to artificial limits.

We started this exploratory journey on August 11, 2020, and are using this Fed Wiki to collect useful and interesting materials to help us come up with "macropatterns."